Wednesday, October 1, 2014

IPC-8701 - First Manufacturing Acceptability Standard for Photovoltaic (Solar) Module Assemblies Debuts

IPC-8701 Acceptability specs will help provide infrastructure for solar panel assembly

Solar panels have been in volume production for quite some time, but there are still just a limited number of standards to help original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and electronics manufacturing service (EMS) companies determine whether completed modules meet design and assembly requirements. IPC recently published the first document to set common acceptance criteria for finished assemblies.

IPC-8701, Final Acceptance Criteria Standard for PV Modules-Final Module Assembly, was written as a first step toward providing an infrastructure that will help companies increase volumes, hold costs down and obtain common acceptance requirements between customers and manufacturers. Like IPC standards for printed boards and other products, it eliminates the inconsistency that comes when companies all use different criteria for determining acceptability requirements.

“EMS companies are getting different criterion from each customer,” said Jasbir Bath, senior director, Standards at IPC. “It’s challenging to work with these different acceptance criterion, in terms of training of manufacturing personnel on the line and manufacturing quality inspections.”

In 60 pages, IPC-8701 describes best practices for inspecting photovoltaic assemblies, providing more than 120 photos to clarify the differences between acceptable and unacceptable elements. It focuses on the housing and support electronics used by both crystalline silicon cells, which dominate shipments today, as well as thin film cells in photovoltaic (PV) module production.

“This covers things like ensuring that the frame is square, the junction box is connected properly and that the label is in place and readable,” Bath said. “It even includes packaging in the shipping box, describing the protective packaging that keeps panels from getting cracked or undergoing too much stress during transit.”

One section focuses on the frames that enclose and support the solar cells. These are critical for product quality and they help shape the perception of quality.

“IPC-8701 sets parameters for both incoming frames and acceptable quality after manufacturing,” Bath said. “It describes what’s acceptable in terms of scratches, sharp edges, burrs, etc. There are specifications on how large scratches can be.”

The document also sets acceptance requirements for the junction boxes of the module.  Parameters for determining whether the plug-in terminals in the junction box pass or fail are also detailed.

 also looks at the sealant, tapes and potting compounds used in the module. The bus bars that connect solar cells in the module are also described. One of the final production steps, creating labels, is also included. The legibility of serial numbers and manufacturing date codes are described along with information on where these labels should be placed.

IPC-8701 PDF Standard download IPC-8701

For additional information or to purchase the standard, visit IPC-8701.

By Terry Costlow, IPC online editor

IPC-8701 - First Manufacturing Acceptability Standard for Photovoltaic (Solar) Module Assemblies Debuts

Thin Film Materials Market Report

ELECTRONICS.CA PUBLICATIONS announces the availability of a new report entitled Thin Film Materials Market By Type, End-User Industry, and Deposition Processes – Global Trends & Forecast to 2018. The thin film material market is witnessing high growth on account of rising demand from existing and new applications that would become significant in the future, especially in the European region. Europe holds major market share followed by North America and Asia-Pacific. In terms of individual countries, the market is dominated by U.S. due to the constant innovations of thin film material that help in optimizing and enhancing the present material and processes.

The thin film materials market is anticipated to increase at a healthy rate annually, to reach $10,250 million, by 2018. Thin film material are primarily used in photovoltaic solar cells, MEMS, electrical, semiconductor and optical coating. The photovoltaic solar cells industry is growing at a high rate, while the MEMS industry is experiencing steady growth. The report covers the thin film material market and its trends that concern five regions, namely, Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, The Middle East & Africa, and Latin America; and the major countries in each region such as U.S., Canada, Germany, France, Italy, China, Japan, India, and others.

The research and development cost involved in the thin film materials in terms of man hours, material, and technology is significant. There is a lot of R&D required at the micro level in thin film material to deliver a quality product. The growth in the thin film material market requires constant innovation and the introduction of new and improved products and technologies that meet the requirements. This has contributed largely to an enhanced focus on R&D by the players to bring new products with better efficiency as well as to decrease the cost of production by implementation of new technologies.

The raw material used for thin film material include cadmium, telluride, copper, indium, gallium, and selenide. Every thin film is unique and the manufacturers use their own set of raw material and ingredients to manufacture these material. Any change in the demand and supply of these raw material could have a impact on the thin film material industry. The raw material such as copper are easy to source, but metals like cadmium are difficult to source because of their toxic nature. Cadmium was banned in the European Union, but recently the ban was partially revoked, and the usage of cadmium was restricted only to thin film photovoltaic cell. This was done to cash in on the better properties such as, higher efficiency and simple manufacturing method offered by CdTe as a thin film material.

The two kinds of deposition processes used in the manufacture of thin film material are: chemical and physical. Chemical deposition process produces thin film material at comparatively higher speed than its physical counterpart. Also it offers greater reproducibility, resulting in increased usage by the companies in this market. But, physical deposition process will grow at a faster pace in the future as it is a low-temperature process, and simpler process as compared to chemical deposition process.

Details of the new report, table of contents and ordering information can be found on Publications’ web site: Thin Film Materials Market By Type, End-User Industry, and Deposition Processes – Global Trends & Forecast to 2018“.



Thin Film Materials Market Report

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Wearable Electronics and Technology Market worth $11.61 Billion by 2020

According to the new market research report “Wearable Electronics and Technology Market by Applications (Consumer, Healthcare, Enterprise), Products (eye wear, wrist wear, footwear), Form Factors and Geography – Analysis & Forecast to 2014 – 2020″ the overall markets estimated to grow at a CAGR of 24.56% from 2014 to 2020, which includes an in-depth analysis of the market by application, product and component, technology, form factor,and geography.

The term ‘Wearable Electronics’ refers to any electronic device or product which can be worn by a person to integrate computing in his daily activity or work and use technology to avail advanced features and characteristics. In simple terms, wearable electronics is used to make routine things easier to perform as well as make life sophisticated by offering several computing features in various day-to-day applications, mainly due to the integration of computing and communication devices. Currently, several types of wearable electronics exist with the development of various types of technologies and advancements in wearable computing.

This report provides a complete quantitative and qualitative information of the global wearable electronics market and all its segments (both – shipments and market revenue wise), and also forecasts the same till 2020. The report analyzes the global market and presents detailed insights on the market when segmented by technology, product,component, application, form factor, and geography. Besides this, detailed analysis on the drivers, restraints, and opportunities of the market are also presented along with an insightful quantitative analysis of Porter’s five forces and their impact on the market.

The global wearable electronics products market revenue is expected to grow roughly at a CAGR of 24.56% and cross $11.61 billion by the end of 2020, with steady sales of wristwear and footwear category, along with the emergence of the small market size for eyewear and bodywear category.

Major players in the market are Samsung Group (South Korea), Sony Corporation (Japan), Adidas AG (Germany), and Nike, Inc. (U.S.), among others.

WearableElectronics Wearable Electronics and Technology Market 2014 – 202

Details of the new report, table of contents and ordering information can be found on Publications’ web site.  View the report:  Wearable Electronics and Technology Market by Applications (Consumer, Healthcare, Enterprise), Products (eye wear, wrist wear, footwear), Form Factors and Geography – Analysis & Forecast to 2014 – 2020″

Wearable Electronics and Technology Market worth $11.61 Billion by 2020

Global Market for Transformers to Reach $48.3 Billion in 2019

ELECTRONICS.CA PUBLICATIONS announces the availability of a new report entitled “Global Markets for Transformers“.  The global transformers market is expected to grow to $48.3 billion by 2019, with a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.3%.  The Asia-Pacific market, the fastest-growing region of the overall market, is moving at a significant 8.1% CAGR.

Tasked with the regulation of voltage output, transformers are critical to the electricity supply chain. Globally, the demand for this technology is driven by the increasing demand for electricity, replacement of older transformers, and environmental concerns, particularly in India and China.

Indeed, the Asia-Pacific region is the largest and fastest growing segment of the global market. Valued at just $13.2 billion in 2013, the Asia-Pacific market is expected to surge to $21.1 billion by 2019. Such rapid growth is attributed to improving economic conditions and the increasing use of the region as a hub for Western markets to outsource the manufacture of their transformers.

Meanwhile, the European and North American markets are projected to grow at a healthy CAGR of 7.2% and 5%, respectively.

The upgrading of existing networks and replacement of older transformers in Western regions offer a huge growth opportunity for the transformer market. This is especially the case for power and traction transformers, which have high performance properties to increase energy efficiency and reduce electricity losses. However, in the longer-term, the developing regions, including China, Brazil, India and others, will create huge opportunities for the transformer market with the increasing demand for electricity and increasing electricity production.

Increasing raw material prices and stricter environmental regulations on carbon emission levels have forced companies to focus on the development of advanced transmission technologies that will comply with current and future environmental regulations. The pressure to develop environmentally friendly transformers is increasing even in the Asia-Pacific and other developing regions.

GLOBAL MARKETS FOR TRANSFORMERS provides an overview of the global markets for transformers and related technologies. It includes analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.






Global Markets for Transformers

Details of the new report, table of contents and ordering information can be found on Publications’ web site.  View the reportGlobal Markets for Transformers.


Global Market for Transformers to Reach $48.3 Billion in 2019

Monday, September 29, 2014

Revamp of the US Financial Services Industry

By Apek Mulay, Sr. Analyst. The United States has world’s most creative, comprehensive and competitive financial services Industry. This industry offers the greatest array of financial instruments and products to allow consumers to manage risk, create wealth, and meet financial needs [1]. F...
Revamp of the US Financial Services Industry

Global Semiconductor Fabrication Materials Market Report

The global semiconductor fabrication materials market is projected to reach US$33.3 billion by 2018, driven by steady increase in IC fabrication activity in response to growing demand for electronic devices. Demand for semiconductor fabrication material is largely tied to the health of the semiconductor industry, which in turn is largely influenced by the demand for electronics. Demand patterns in major downstream markets such as computers, communications equipment, digital home appliances, and industrial electronics influences IC fabrication activity.

Growing demand for electronic chip fabrication as a result of increasing production of mobile computing devices such as notebooks, smartphones and tablet PCs, is therefore benefiting growth in the semiconductor fabrication materials market. While consumer electronics and appliances remain the primary driver of growth, emerging applications in automotive electronics, medical device electronics, defense and aerospace electronics, including state-of-the-art weaponry, are poised to fuel future growth in the market.

Increasing performance requirements of electronic devices is creating the need for smaller and more robust semiconductor devices, which in turn is driving demand for newer fabrication materials. Increasing integration of highly advanced ICs in mobile devices, particularly smartphones and tablet PCs, in order to obtain longer battery life, brilliant screen resolution, and improved cameras, is also triggering growth of advanced semiconductor fabrication materials. To meet end-user requirements, material and chemical manufacturers are focusing on investing in R&D, and capacity expansions particularly in high growth regions. Developments in microelectronics fabrication are additionally helping drive demand for fabrication materials.

Though investments in new fab construction projects were sluggish in 2012, the same is expected to pick up momentum from 2013 onwards with new planned projects high on all company agendas. This expected increase in fab capacity will provide market opportunities for semiconductor fabrication materials in the coming years. The shift towards miniaturization is also driving growth in the market by requiring specialization of back-end fabrication. In the coming years, the persistent financial challenges and the pressure on capital will continue to mark the distinct evolution of pure-play foundries and fabless suppliers. The fabless model of microchip production will continue to gain prominence, given its unrivalled cost benefits. This growing trend of outsourcing fabrication of semiconductor chips is therefore expected to result in the establishment of new fabrication plants thus driving market prospects for semiconductor fabrication material in countries such as Japan, China, Taiwan, and South Korea

As stated by the new market research report on Semiconductor Fabrication Material, Japan represents the largest regional market worldwide, while Taiwan ranks as the fastest growing market with a CAGR of 5.3% over the analysis period. Strong semiconductor foundry base is helping drive growth in the country. Silicon Wafers represents the largest product market accounting for a major share in total global revenues. CMP Materials is the fastest growing product market with annual revenue waxing at a CAGR of about 6.9% over the analysis period.

Key players covered in the report include Air Products and Chemicals Inc., Air Liquide SA, Alent Plc, Avantor™ Performance Materials, AZ Electronic Materials SA, BASF SE, Cabot Microelectronics Corp., Dow Chemical Company, Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation, Hitachi Chemical Company Limited, JSR Corporation, Kanto Chemical Co. Inc., KMG Chemicals Inc., Linde AG, Mitsui Chemicals Inc., Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, OM Group Inc., Praxair, Inc., Sachem Inc., Silecs Oy, Shin-Etsu Chemical Co. Ltd., Showa Denko KK, SUMCO Corporation, Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited, Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co. Ltd., Wacker Chemie AG, and Wako Pure Chemicals Industries, Ltd., among others.

The research report titled Semiconductor Fabrication Materials – Global Strategic Business Report, provides a comprehensive review of market trends, mergers, acquisitions and other strategic industry activities. The report provides market estimates and projections for in US dollars for major geographic markets including the US, Japan, Europe, China, South Korea, Taiwan, and Rest of World. Key segments analyzed in the report include Silicon Wafers, Photoresists & Adjuncts, Electronic Gases, CMP Materials, Others.


Global Semiconductor Fabrication Materials Market Report

Friday, September 26, 2014

mHealth Wellness Wearable Devices Market Study

The wearable devices market is emerging as one of the first segments of the Internet of Things (IoT) to see widespread adoption and consumer acceptance. Wearable devices are not new to the wellness market; heart rate monitors and sports watches have been around for many years. However, what is changing is the breadth of wearable devices that are emerging and the increasing amount of technology being used. Activity monitors, smart sports watches, heart rate monitors, and smart clothing are all becoming significant markets for technology vendors and the list of device types continues to grow. Details of the new report, table of contents and ordering information can be found on Publications" web site. View the report: mHealth Wellness Wearable Devices.